How long would it take…

4 minute read

Intro

Multi-factor authentication (MFA) is great security measure. The most common second factor is probably SMS code sent to your mobile phone. And what could go wrong there? Well I don’t know how but at some point recently we had around 150 users which did not receive codes even though they configured MFA.

Issue

A user raised an issue that he does not receive codes for MFA. Is it cellphone carrier issue? Maybe user changed number and forgot about it? Or something else? First two assumptions were ruled out immediately so I focused on configuration of the service itself. For that I went to user profile in Azure AD and then to Authentication methods. There I saw:

mfa

Duplicated international call prefix 😮. I’ve removed additional digits - 0048 - and SMS codes began to arrive to user. That was easy! But then wondering came… how many users might have the same issue? 🤔
To check that I’ve run:

Connect-MsolService
$MSONUSER = Get-MsolUser -All | select DisplayName -ExpandProperty StrongAuthenticationUserDetails |`
select DisplayName,email,phonenumber

Some sorting and filtering and I ended up with list of around 150 users which fitted in similar pattern where country prefix was doubled. I won’t fix it manually!! Let’s use some Powershell of MSGraph 😎.

NOPE


Powershell can’t do that and API is (as on 25.02.2020) to be hopefully exposed in Q1 2020.
Some quick calculations…

mfa2

150 users x 2-5 minutes = 300-750 minutes = 5-12, 5 hours

mfa3

There must be some way!! Wait a minute… 💡

Selenium

If I’m not gonna click it then let’s make browser click for me 😁 (Checkout my post about starting with Selenium). All I need is list of problematic users with their correct numbers and overview of properties of boxes in authorization methods tab. So to let’s take a look at url of page while being in MFA tab

https://portal.azure.com/#blade/Microsoft_AAD_IAM/UserDetailsMenuBlade/UserAuthMethods/userId/
7af69645-0661-451f-b9fd-4fa36946f164/adminUnitObjectId/

The only thing that changes is userID which you can grab from AzureAD like that

Connect-AzureAD
$AADUsers = Get-AzureADUser -All:$True
#That way we get list of all users and it should look like that:
ObjectId                             DisplayName       UserPrincipalName                      UserType
--------                             -----------       -----------------                      --------
7af69645-0661-451f-b9fd-4fa36946f164 Adele Vance       AdeleV@dunesbox.onmicrosoft.com        Member

Next thing. I did not expect that providing box properties will be such challenge. Normally you can operate on ID of an item and it will not change. But portal.azure.com proved me wrong! There IDs are randomly generated on every page refresh 😐. But name of a box always starts with __azc-textBox and at the end there is a digit. At the begging I though that Phone box will always have index 0 but this too was incorrect. There is one more box which is every time while you are on this site… top search box!

mfa4

Knowing that I decided not to rely on name of a box entirely but rather on coordinates.
So I iterate through first 5

$Boxes = foreach ($i in 0..4) {
        $TextBox = "__azc-textBox$i"
        try {
            $LocationX = $ChromeDriver.FindElementByName("__azc-textBox$i").Location.X
            $LocationY = $ChromeDriver.FindElementByName("__azc-textBox$i").Location.Y
        }
        catch {
            $TextBox = 'No such box'
            $LocationX = $null
            $LocationY = $null
        }
        [pscustomobject] @{
            ID        = $TextBox
            LocationX = $LocationX
            LocationY = $LocationY
        }
    }

I got results like below and one last thing to do was to identify Phone box.

ID             LocationX LocationY
--             --------- ---------
__azc-textBox0       283         7
__azc-textBox1       844       295
__azc-textBox2       844       334
__azc-textBox3       844       373
__azc-textBox4       844       412

$MobileBox = $Boxes |`
Where-Object { 
    $PSItem.Locationy -eq (($Boxes |`
       Where-Object {
           $PSItem.locationx -eq $( ($boxes.locationx | Measure-Object -Maximum).Maximum)
        }).locationy | Measure-Object -Minimum).Minimum 
    }

With all that knowledge I was able to write my script which will modify phone numbers for provided users.


$UsersToFix = import-csv UsersToFix.csv
$PathToBin = 'c:\your\path\to\WebDriver.dll'
[System.Reflection.Assembly]::LoadFrom("{0}" -f $PathToBin)
if ($env:Path -notcontains ";$PathToBin`Bin" ) {
    $env:Path += ";$PathToBin`Bin"
}

$ChOptions = New-Object OpenQA.Selenium.Chrome.ChromeOptions
$ChOptions.AcceptInsecureCertificates = $True
$ChromeDriver = New-Object OpenQA.Selenium.Chrome.ChromeDriver($ChOptions)
$ChromeDriver.Manage().Window.Maximize()
Start-Sleep 2
$ChromeDriver.url = 'https://portal.azure.com/'
Start-Sleep 5
$ChromeDriver.FindElementById('i0116').SendKeys($UserName)
$ChromeDriver.FindElementById('idSIButton9').Click()
Start-Sleep 2
$ChromeDriver.FindElementById('i0118').SendKeys($Password)
$ChromeDriver.FindElementById('idSIButton9').Click()
#Waiting for 2FA accept. 
Start-Sleep 3
$ChromeDriver.FindElementById('idSIButton9').Click()

$SaveButtonXPath = '/html/body/div[1]/div[5]/main/div[4]/div[2]/section/div/div[2]/div[1]/div/ul/li[1]'
foreach ($userID in $UsersToFix) {
    Write-Default -Info -Message "Changing user $($userID.UserPrincipalName)"
    $AzureUrl = "https://portal.azure.com/#blade/Microsoft_AAD_IAM/UserDetailsMenuBlade/UserAuthMethods/userId/$($userID.ObjectId)/adminUnitObjectId/"
    $ChromeDriver.url = $AzureUrl
    $ChromeDriver.Navigate().Refresh()
    Start-Sleep 5
    Write-Output "Clearing field value"
    $Boxes = foreach ($i in 0..4) {
        $TextBox = "__azc-textBox$i"
        try {
            $LocationX = $ChromeDriver.FindElementByName("__azc-textBox$i").Location.X
            $LocationY = $ChromeDriver.FindElementByName("__azc-textBox$i").Location.Y
        }
        catch {
            $TextBox = 'No such box'
            $LocationX = $null
            $LocationY = $null
        }
        [pscustomobject] @{
            ID        = $TextBox
            LocationX = $LocationX
            LocationY = $LocationY
        }
    }
    $Boxes
    $MobileBox = $Boxes |`
        Where-Object { 
        $PSItem.Locationy -eq (($Boxes |`
                    Where-Object {
                    $PSItem.locationx -eq $( ($boxes.locationx | Measure-Object -Maximum).Maximum)
                }).locationy | Measure-Object -Minimum).Minimum 
            }

    $ChromeDriver.FindElementByName($MobileBox.ID).Clear()
    Start-Sleep 1
    Write-Output "Setting user correct number"
    
    $ChromeDriver.FindElementsByName($MobileBox.ID).SendKeys($UserCorrectNumber)
    Start-Sleep 1
    Write-Output "Saving changes"    
    $ChromeDriver.FindElementByXPath($SaveButtonXPath).Click()
    Start-Sleep 1
}

Summary

Thanks to that fixing this issue took around one hour where 25 minutes was runtime of this script. It is not the most efficient way but for now it is the only one so I hope it will be useful for you!

See you in next! 😉 🧠

Leave a comment